Chap 24. Heart Failure: O1

Heart Failure:

  • It is not a specific disease but a syndrome cause by many different cardiac disorders.
  • It is complex, may be caused by a functional or structural impairment of  the heart.
  • more than 6.1 million people in the US have heart failure. It is one of the most common cause of hospitalization

How is heart Failure Manifested:

The most common manifestation includes:

  • Dyspnea: difficulty breathing.
  • fatigue.
  • Fluid Retention,
  • Pulmonary edema

How is Heart Failure diagnosed:

  • There is no single diagnostic test for heart failure: it is diagnosed based on careful physical examination and history
  • The Framingham study shows, 5 year survival rate in patient with heart failure is approximately 50% so…

The best way to prevent Heart failure is:

  • Control the risk factors associated with heart failure:
    • Hypertension,
    • Coronary Artery disease
    • Obesity
    • Diabetes

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