Chap 10 Review
If you are in a nursing program, studying for you final psychology exam. Knowing and understand these key term will help you on your way to 100.
Personality is: “A person’s unique long-term pattern of thinking, emotions, and behaviors. Personality refers to the consistency in who you are, have been, and will become. It also refers to the special blend of talents, values, hopes, loves, hates, and habits that makes each of us unique.” (Coon and Miterer)
Personality Traits: “are stable qualities that a person shows in most situations. If you see Percy talking to strangers—first at a supermarket and later at a party—you may assume that he is “sociable.” Once these personality traits are identified, they can be used to predict future behaviors.” (Coon, Miterer)
You have an Extrovert Personality if: your a bold, outgoing person whose attention is usually directed outward. While, being shy with your attention focus inward makes your personality type Introvert. (Coon, Miterer)
Self Esteem: Take a mental picture of you then, write all your thoughts and feelings on a piece of paper. When you are don, evaluate yourself, find your good and make note of all your flaws. You will find that you are your worst critic. Therefore, self esteem is the evaluation of oneself. If you have a high self-esteem, you are confident, proud, and self-respecting, on the other hand if your self esteem is low, you are insecure, lacking in confidence, and very good at belittling yourself.
Self Concept: Self Esteem suggest that you evaluate that mental image of yourself. That includes all your ideas, perceptions, stories, and feelings about who you are. This picture that you took your time to create, this image is called your self concept.
Cattell’s 16 Personality Factors: There are thousands of traits, Cattell reduced these thousands of psychological traits into what he believed to be 16 of the basic dimensions, or source traits of human personality. As a result, he created the 16PF personality test.
Source Traits: A concept developed by Raymond Cattell, Source Traits are the building blocks of human personality. Cattell believed there are 16 of these source traits. Example of a source trait: a person may be reserved or outgoing, serious or happy-go-lucky, and submissive or dominant.
Psychoanalytic Theory: Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic theory of personality development, which argued that personality is formed through conflicts among three fundamental structures of the human mind: id, ego, and superego.
Psychodynamic Theory: Our behaviors, feelings, desires and more are affected by our conscious and unconscious mind. Learn more about psychodynamic theory.
The Id: is the primitive and instinctive component of personality (Pure Pleasure). It consists of all the inherited (i.e. biological) components of personality, including the sex instinct – Eros (which contains the libido), and the aggressive (death) instinct – Thanatos. The id is the impulsive (and unconscious) part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to instincts.
The Ego: develops in order to mediate between the unrealistic id and the external real world. It is the decision making component of personality. Ideally the ego works by reason, whereas the id is chaotic and totally unreasonable.(simplepsychology.org)
The Superego: incorporates the values and morals of society which are learned. Then develops around the age of 3 – 5 during the phallic stage of psychosexual development.
The superego’s function is to control the id’s impulses, especially those which society forbids, such as sex and aggression. It also has the function of persuading the ego to turn to moralistic goals rather than simply realistic ones and to strive for perfection (simplepsychology.org)
Humanistic theory: stress private, subjective experience and personal growth.
Instrumental: Behaviors directed toward the achievement of some goal; behaviors that are instrumental in producing. Express Behavior: are communicated emotions or personal feelings.
The Big Five Personality Factors: are five universal dimensions of personality.
Roschach’s Test: A projective test comprising 10 standardized inkblots. I had to look this up, the inkblot test. Take the inkblot test below, Aren’t you curious to know how crazy or not crazy your are? find out below.
What do you See:
Psychology A Journey: Coon and Miterer