1.Blood loss may result in a deficiency of:
2.The vitamin needed to build connective tissue during the healing process is:
Answer: Vitamin C.
3. Before surgery, patients should:
Answer: Consume no foods or liquids for 8 hours to prevent aspiration.
4. Physiologic symptoms of dumping syndrome are caused by:
Answer: Water being drawn from the blood into the intestine and decreasing the blood volume.
5.Total parenteral nutrition formulas provide protein in the form of:
Answer: Amino acids.
6.A readily absorbed, enteral formula that is composed of simple nutrient components that do not require further digestion is called:
Answer: An elemental formula.
7.One of the most common nutrient deficiencies among surgical patients is:
8.During the postoperative period, a patient who needs to be tube fed should receive
Answer: Adequate protein and calories to promote healing.
9.Low serum protein levels and loss of osmotic pressure result in:
10. If a patient requires parenteral nutrition for an extended period of time, he or she should receive:
Answer: Central parenteral nutrition.
11.The primary focus of medical nutrition therapy for burn patients in the acute or flow phase is:
Answer: To use enteral or parenteral nutrition to reduce stress.
12.For patients with severe burns, an essential vitamin that may be needed in increased amounts during the healing process is:
Answer: Vitamin C
13.The development of edema after surgery is the result of:
Answer: decreased plasma protein levels.
14.Medical nutrition therapy after a cholecystectomy consists of:
Answer: A low-fat or moderate-fat diet to reduce gallbladder stimulation.
15.Immediately following major burns, patients should be given
Answer: Intravenous lactated Ringer’s solution.