Chap 12 and 13 Psych Final Review.

This is the final of the final of the four-part review, hope it was helpful. Let’s begin.
Psychopathology: is the study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders such as schizophrenia or depression, and to behavior patterns that make people unhappy and impair their personal growth.

Delusion: do you remember believing something, something real to you that no one else could see or understand but, you believe strongly that it is true? if you answered yes, a professional evaluation may be necessary or you may have taken some type of drug that caused it.

Somatic Type (delusion): if you intend to be a menace to someone, get a long piece of thread, wait, while he/she is sleeping, tired or sleepy, and completely unaware quietly place one end of that thread below the jaw close to the neck then pull upwards. It will create the feeling of insects crawling as a result that poor victim will indeed slap themselves across the face.

You made the person believe that there is a bug crawling up his/her face causing a reaction, be careful though, when that person awaken because of that stunt you pulled, be prepared to run. Situation like those can be funny but, for the person who is suffering from these delusion disorders it is not. They truly believe that something is really happening to their bodies. See some of the different types of delusions below:

  • depressive delusions, in which people feel that they have committed horrible crimes or sinful deeds
  • somatic delusions, in which people believe their bodies are “rotting away” or emitting foul odors
  • delusions of grandeur, in which people think they are extremely important
  • delusions of influence, in which people feel they are being controlled or influenced by others or by unseen forces
  • delusions of persecution, in which people believe that others are “out to get them”
  • delusions of reference, in which people give great personal meaning to unrelated events

Maladaptive: Behavior arising from an underlying psychological or biological dysfunction that makes it difficult to adapt to the environment and meet the demands of day-to-day life.

Insanity: A legal term that refers to a mental inability to manage one’s affairs or to be aware of the consequences of one’s actions. (doing the same thing over and over again expecting a different result).

Mental Disorder:A significant impairment in psychological functioning.

Psychotic Disorders: A severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality, by hallucinations and delusions, and by social withdrawal.

Mood Disorder: (Depression, Bipolar) are defined primarily by the presence of extreme, intense, and long-lasting emotions. Afflicted persons may be manic, meaning agitated, elated, and hyperactive, or they may be depressed. Some people with mood disorders alternate between mania and depression and may have psychotic symptoms as well

Obsessive compulsive disorders:An extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behaviors. Every one experience a mild for of OCD every now and then, remember that stupid jingle that somehow got stuck in your head.

Phobia:Extreme irrational fear of something, for example

  • fear of spiders (arachnophobia),
  • Acrophobia—fear of heights
  • Astraphobia—fear of storms, thunder, lightning
  • Aquaphobia—fear of being on or in water (I thought this fear was only for cats)
  • Aviophobia—fear of airplanes
  • Claustrophobia—fear of closed spaces
  • Agoraphobia—fear of crowds
  • anxiety disorders
  • triskaidekaphobia, fear of the number 13;
  • xenophobia, fear of strangers;
  • hematophobia, fear of blood
  • coulrophobia, fear of clowns.
  • arachibutyrophobia, fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth.

Anxiety Disorder: Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related.

Substance – related disorders: Abuse of, or dependence on, a mood or behavior-altering drug.this another term for becoming addicted.

Group Therapy: therapy in a group: verbal interaction with several people.

Psychoanalysis therapy: analyzing the mind:exploring the conflicts of the unconscious mind (Freudian).

Humanistic Therapy:

that’s all.

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